Monday, July 31, 2006
There's a photo of Franz Rosenzweig ((1886–1929) cut in the shape of the Star of David on the cover of his book The Star of Redemption (ISBN 0-299-20720-X).
There's another on the cover of the first edition of this book published on 1921 (in German).
In this book Franz Rosenzweig builds his philosophy around the shape of the Star of David, composed of two conceptual triangles which together form the basis of Jewish belief: Creation, Revelation, and Redemption; God, Israel, and World.
- Superimposing two triangles
- Superimposing two triangles so that their lines are interwoven
- Three superimposed congruent parallelograms or rhombuses
- A regular hexagon with six equilateral triangles upon each of its edges
- Three “butterflies”
- “paper hat” mirrored along a horizontal axis
- Six Alpha letters (Hexalpha) or six A letters
- Made from 3 W's
- Star of David leaning on "two legs" (two triangles instead of one)
- Star of David made from curved lines instead of straight lines
Sunday, July 30, 2006
Four sparrows found shelter in a Shield of David built into the wall of an old building in Harrisburg Pennsylvania. Now I understand why it is called a shield.
O my dove, that art in the clefts of the rock, in the covert of the cliff, let me see thy countenance, let me hear thy voice; for sweet is thy voice, and thy countenance is comely(Song of Songs 2:14)
This unbelievable Photo is courtesy of Kawkawpa from Flickr
Saturday, July 29, 2006
Friday, July 28, 2006
Artist Akiva K. Segan presents on his web page some slides of the phases of his Star of David project. He constructed two wooden frames to separate the drawing and the mosaic. He documented the project on film.
Making Stars of David from mosaics was common thousands of years ago: in Ein Yael in southern Jerusalem; in St. Euthymius (Khan el Akhmar in Mishor Adummim, east of Jerusalem); Construction workers found in Ramle, near Tel Aviv, Israel, a Moslem six-pointed star embedded into a mosaic floor from the 8th century CE.
Marc Chagall designed in the Israeli parliament building a floor of mosaics. One of the main subjects described in it is the Star of David.
Aviva Beigel made a Star of David mosaic, sand on wood, titled Present Situation. It expresses what she feels towards the current state of affairs in Israel.
Even Zeev Golan is selling on the BiblicalGallery neckwear with a Star of David mosaic pattern.
Thursday, July 27, 2006
Photo courtesy of Lisa Carmichael from Pbase who wrote to me:
The star is actually a window in the sanctuary of a synagogue in Los Angeles. They are a client of mine, and one day while I was waiting for meeting to begin I wandered around with my camera, looking for things to shoot. The light coming through the colored paines of glass was captivating - really beautiful. I am Christian, and really appreciate any heartfelt expression of one's faith, which is what this Star of David represented to me.
In this article he claimed that some of what archeologists call "Ancient Synagogues in the Holy Land" are in fact Roman temples built by Maximinus Daia (305-313 C.E.) in order to fight the rising Christian religion, and not Jewish Synagogues.
Since he wrote his article 11 years ago I sent him an E-mail asking if he still believes in his theory or did he change his mind with the time that passed since he brought it up? His answer was:
Yes, I still believe that those ancient buildings weren't synagogues
If David Landau's theory is right the meaning from my point of view is that the "first" Jewish Star of David, which was found in Capernaum was not Jewish!
The earliest recorded Jewish name for it is hotam Shelomo or seal of Solomon, a term that entered Hebrew and many European languages as a translation of the Arabic khatam Suleyman… Moreover, the Arabs called another of Solomon's seals najmat Da'ud or the Star of David, and eventually, taken over by Christian Europe, these two terms became differentiated, with seal of Solomon referring to a five-pointed pentagon and star of David to a six-pointed hexagon.
Uri Ofir suggested in his research about The Jewish Origin of the Star of David that the source for this "odd" translation is in the commentaries of Rashi and Iben Ezra. Rashi and Iben Ezra wrote that Bilam's prediction ["There shall come a Star out of Jacob, and a Scepter shall rise out of Israel" (Numbers 24:17)] is about King David. These two commentators were so influential that every Jew knew that there is a strong connection between the concept of the Star and the concept of David. No wonder that when translators dealt with these materials they unanimously decided on the same ("odd") translation.
Wednesday, July 26, 2006
Another Jewish boxer who used to wear a Star of David on his trunks was Dmitriy Salita whose performing name was “The Star of David”.
Tuesday, July 25, 2006
Dr Haya Friedberg, wrote an article (in Hebrew) about Bezalel School where she told that about two decades after it was founded (in 1906) an anonymous writer protested in a letter to the editor of an Israeli newspaper against the exaggerated use in "Star of Davids, Yemenites and lions" that do not testify about the presence of Hebrew art in Bezalel.
The school's name, Bezalel, is taken from the name of the artist of the Tabernacle after the Exodus, Bezalel Ben Uri Ben Chur of the tribe of Judea who didn't succeed in the making of the first Menorah so that eventually it was made by the Lord. I believe that if the founder of this school, Boris Schatz, knew the theory of Uri Ofir, that the first Star of David was made as a candle holder in this first Menorah – he would have influenced his pupils to make more Stars of David than menorahs...
Monday, July 24, 2006
Mormons believe they belong to the Jewish lost tribe Ephraim, and that's why Judaism is so important for them. No wonder they use the Star of David:
The Salt Lake Assembly Hall is Victorian gothic building and a Star of David within a circle is placed high above each entrance. (Photo courtesy of Wikipedia).
Some of the Mormons believe that the Star of David got its shape from the Urim and Thummim that the Jewish High Priest carried on his chest.
Vincent Chapman published on 28 January 2005 a flag for the Mormon Church which contains a big Star of David in the center surrounded by twelve stars that stand for the twelve tribes and the twelve apostles. The former Mormon flag which was made in the 1800's by Emma Smith had a large 5 point star in the middle.
Utah Republican Mormon Senator, Orrin Hatch, is a Zionist and on his front door there's a Star of David.
Cecil McGavin in his book Mormonism and Masonry (2004) mentions that Joseph Smith, the founder of the Mormon Church, "was not a Jew yet he was pleased to display above the door in his historic Mansion House in Nauvoo, Illinois, a small gilt-covered six pointed star".
Photograph courtesy of Arnon Goldfinger (c) 2014
See Arnon Goldfinger's 2012 documentary, The Flat, on:
Sunday, July 23, 2006
The one on the center of the Israeli flag is BLUE like the stripes of the flag which represents the Jewish prayer shawl (Tallith).
The emblem of the Israeli Emergency Medical Service is a RED Magen David – Red like blood? Red like the Red Cross?
The emblem of the Israeli College of Para-veterinary studies is GREEN, like the green ecological movements, like nature in spring.
Alexander Mishory in his Hebrew book "shuru Habitu Ureu " wrote that the colors of the yellow patch were YELLOW AND BLACK because in the western Christian culture they stand for treason and heresy and it was used to describe Judas in Christian art.
In the last week of the 1988 season, we uncovered the mosaic floor of the circular room of the bathhouse, a floor encircled by a triple-twisted rope pattern, familiar to us from the mosaics in the living area of the villa. However, to our surprise a double-twisted rope in the center forms a hexagram, the familiar six-pointed star, or Shield of David (in Hebrew, Magen David).
Yehudah Rapuano, who participated in the excavations, discusses in his article the possibility that this place commemorated Philip’s baptism of the eunuch, related in Acts 8.
I went to see this Star of David in the mosaic floor in Ein Yael and to take a photo of it, but it was taken for reconstruction and I don't know when they will put it back.
Saturday, July 22, 2006
Faked or not the Messianic Jews use this symbol as their logo, and explain that the Star of David stands for Judaism while the fish stands for Jesus.
Friday, July 21, 2006
Introduction about the essence of a symbol:
"A symbol," according to Mircea Eliade, "speaks to the whole human being and not only to the intelligence." Symbols are powerful, often eliciting strong emotional reactions, both positive and negative”.
Like most of the general reviews on this subject the Rabbi from Temple Beth El doesn't mention Uri Ofir's theory that the origin of the Star of David is from the Tabernacle about a year after the exodus. For any future sermon - I sent him the link...
Thursday, July 20, 2006
The Driving Blessing includes a presentation that Jewish parents may give to their child upon receiving his driver's license. Getting this license is a life cycle event, which signifies independence and taking responsibilities.
The same design of a Star of David is on Choose-Life Key Ring that is offered on the same website.
This is a modern and updated ritual and I guess the more people will hear about it the more they will use it.
Wednesday, July 19, 2006
The Star of David has six triangles surrounding one hexagon. The interlocking tetraktyses have 13 points. 13 include the meanings of the numbers six and seven, twelve and one. Twelve and one is the basis for the theory about the encampment of the Tribes.
Y. Hirschfeld wrote an extensive article about the Euthymius Monastery and in it I found the following description:
The easternmost unit contains a six-pointed star pattern with a red chalice at its center…The mosaic stone pavements of the northern aisle were almost completely destroyed, except for a small section at its eastern end. In this section a small portion has survived of a six-pointed star identical with the six-pointed star of the southern aisle.
Tuesday, July 18, 2006
Monday, July 17, 2006
The emblem of Hashomer Hatzair is very similar to the Star of David found on Sufa ruins, but I'm not sure the members of this youth movement know about it.
Picture of the Star of David on the emblem of Hashomer Hatzair is courtesy of Wikipedia
Sunday, July 16, 2006
That's why Dr. Michelle Zakai of Ben-Gurion University of the Negev in Beersheba is working with her team on speeding up the flowering of the Lilium Candidum, naturally flowering in May, so that it could be sold to Christians before Easter, at the end of March.
Picture of Star of David pattern Vans Shoes is courtesy of “malicious maria” who published it on Flickr.
The ADL issued a statement on Monday, May 08, 2006 that they checked out the e-mails-rumor that the makers of the Vans Shoes are anti-Jewish (because the star of David pattern is “stepped upon”) and found out that the rumor was not true; The whole thing started because Vans skateboarding shoes come with a pattern resembling a Star of David on their bottom part.
Jesus, thus tells the legend, came to Japan when he was 21 years old, during the reign of the 11th emperor, Suinin; he studied the Japanese language and stayed for 11 years. Then he returned to Judea and was condemned to death. Jesus succeeded to escape but his brother Isukiri was nailed to the cross and died instead of him. Jesus returned to Japan, married Miyuko, had three daughters, died 106 years old and was buried in Shingo village.
Sajiro Sawaguchi, whose family owns the cemetery, claims to be a direct descendant of Jesus. Sawaguchi's family crest is taken from the Star of David. Ancient kimonos made in the area have a Star of David on them.
Saturday, July 15, 2006
Recently I mentioned that a Star of David can be built inside the tetraktys by connecting the 6 points that surround the central point and by leaving the 3 outer points untouched. Here we have a totally different suggestion: to merge two tetraktyses (ten points arranged in four rows: 1 point in first, 2 in the second etc.) and build from these points two triangles: one that starts from the point at the top and ends in a base made from the four points at the bottom and the other starts from the point at the bottom and ends in a base made from the four points at the top.
These two interpretations strengthen the theory that the Pythagoreans who invented the tetraktys might have influenced this Jewish symbol.
Thursday, July 13, 2006
Athol Bloomer wrote an extensive article titled Mystical Rose where he claims that the two triangles of the Magen David are the two mems of the name of Miriaim. It is the union of the Divine Wisdom (the mem pointing downwards-mem sofit) with the Mother of Understanding and Wisdom (Sophia) (the mem pointing upwards). The Magen David is seen as a Key to the Tower of David and to the Rose Garden.
A similar claim was made, by researcher Uri Ofir who claims that the origin of the Star of David is from the Tabernacle, a year after the exodus, and that it was made by the Lord in the shape of the Lilium Candidum (rose).
A big Star of David from late Byzantine period was found in the ruins of Sufa and in its center appears a side projection of a lily.
In Hebrew the number six (Shesh) and the rose (Shoshan) sound very close.The more I learn this subject the more I find that there is a close relationship between these two emblems of the Jewish people – the Star of David and the rose (Shoshanat Yaakov)…
Wednesday, July 12, 2006
The Star of David has six triangles surrounding one hexagon. Drawing same sized circles around a main circle always ends up in six - not five, not seven. This alludes to the six days of creation in Genesis and the one day of rest; to the six working days and the one day of rest… Six years of slavery and freedom on the seventh… Six years of planting and letting the land rest on the seventh… six candlesticks surrounded the Menorah in the Tabernacle, three from each side.
In this photomontage I put the White Lilium Candidum on six Israeli coins that show the Lilium engraved on stone and it fits nicely the six and one coins that allude to the Star of David.
Monday, July 10, 2006
Hanukkah coloring page
This site offers kids a drawing of the Star of David that can be colored online or off line .
Star of David Posters at AllPosters.com.
Books with a Star of David on the front cover like:
Bat Mitzvah Scrapbook
Bar Mitzvah Photo Album
A spam blog for Star of David Door Entry Knocker with hundreds of repetitions on the words Star of David Door Entry Knocker
The Star of David Kosher Soap "Made from the natural oils of lemon and eucalyptus extract and pure vegetable oil".
Saturday, July 08, 2006
Looking for websites with the words Star of David in their domain name I stumbled upon one that deals with Faked Yellow Badges. The web master explains
I have been concerned during recent years by the number of fake badges which are flooding onto the market as more and more people try to acquire a little bit of 'Holocaust history'…I've got to admit – I never thought such a phenomenon is possible. Did you?
A drawing of a snake with Jewish Stars of David attacking a German naked woman was introduced as evidence at the Nuremberg trials to show how Nazi Germany fed the hatred to the Jews.
Josef Plank drew an octopus with a Star of David over its head grabbing the world.
Bauer published in 1936 a Children's Book titled "Don't Trust a Fox/Trust Not the Jew," One of the pictures shows an "ugly" Jew eating while on the wall over his head there's a calendar with a Star of David.
A drawing on a red background of a black rectangle with an "ugly" Jew in the center of a white Star of David.
WWII anti-American book shows Roosevelt as a puppet of the Jews under the American Stars (of David) and stripes flag.
In 1938 Nazi Propaganda Ministry requested from German film companies to make anti-Semitic films. Among those films were:
The Rothschilds: The film shows how Jewish Rothschild banking family made fortune from the blood of the Germans in the time of the wars of Napoleon. England appears as a society dominated by Jews. The final scene shows a Star of David over the map of England.
Sporting club Hakoah of Vienna (1909- 1941) was the largest Jewish sporting club in the world in its time. It had more than 5,000 members that took part in a wide variety of sports activities wearing the Hakoah emblem with its Star of David.
Friday, July 07, 2006
Yaakov Goldberg wrote this on 21 Sep 1992 but I found it only this morning:
The story about king of Denmark who wore the Yellow Badge during WWII is a legend. It never happened. Yaakov Goldberg quoted from an article published by Danish anthropologist Jens Lund who claimed that it was a fictionalization contrived by Leon Uris in his 1958 novel, Exodus.
This story made me disappointed: I always admired those brave righteous people who risked their lives to help Jews escape from the Nazis. Now I'll have to admire one less.
My recommendation is to run see it with your own eyes and tell your loved ones:
Aquarium in the shape of the Star of David with fish swimming in it ( BTW a year ago I planned building a similar aquarium from glass)
Pupil in an eye
Pyramid for pharaoh
The building of the Jewish center in the film "Hebrew Hammer "
Two embryos connected by their umbilical cord
Made from a beautiful woman's hair
6 pointed starfish
Made from butts in an ashtray
Original chocolates from Morguefile
Star of David on the Wailing Wall
On chess tools
As one of the tools in a jackknife
As a wheel of a bike (I did the same on a wheel of a car 5 years ago)
Pink Floyd - The Kosher Side of the Moon
Aiming device for a hunting gun
Made from floating plants in the water
Thursday, July 06, 2006
Just to prove how ubiquitous the Star of David is see the list of Wikipedia links to projects that use the picture of the Star of David (502). You’ll see that this picture is used by an amazing number of projects, which surround every corner of the Jewish life.I just hope I'll have enough patience to visit all the pages these links lead to...
Discovered on September 16, 2001 in Red Deer, Alberta, Canada and reported by Judy Arndt.
More than the excellent photos I liked the tolerant approach of Judy Arndt's explanations:
It doesn't matter to me if we solve the puzzle of who made it. People respond to the beauty and geometry. After the horrific images we've been viewing on TV this month, walking in the serenity of this crop formation is a soothing balm.
That's exactly the way I feel towards the Star of David phenomenon - It doesn't matter to me if we solve the puzzle of who made it…walking wherever this symbol leads me is a blessing!
Tuesday, July 04, 2006
On the website of Frank Meisler, an Israeli sculptor who has a studio in the Old City of Jaffa I found several Stars of David.
Israeli painter Nir Hod's "I Swear" shows a female soldier in the image of the artist swear on a bible and a gun with a false Star of David unit tag on her shoulder and a pendant with a Star of David in her hand.. In "Love Story" there's an Israeli officer with a Star of David on his arm in the image of the artist who's embracing a nurse who is also in the image of the artist. In the background there's a war.
In the 80th Moshe Gershoni made a painting titled "Mizmor Ledavid" (a hymn to David) with a black Star of David.In 1998 Eitan Bushery and Tamar Shalev made a painting for the 50th Israeli Independence Day where the Star of David is broken into two separate triangles on the background of a fire that is going to burn it.
Monday, July 03, 2006
The Jewish Star of David means a lot of different things for a lot of different people:
As above as below
Masculine – feminine
Jerusalem (Zion , Zionism)
Water and fire in Alchemy
One of the stars in the sky
House of David
Anyhow the main interpretations are that it stands for Israel and or Judaism. How to draw the line between these representations opens another arena.